Fennel contains thick, ribbed, hollow stems that grow from its rooted bulb (known as the crown). Every element of the Fennel plant from crown to flower is edible. It has a sweet, licorice-like flavor and citrus notes. Fennel is often harvested for its smaller bulbs, which are the most fragrant and succulent.
It contains a combination of phytonutrients that gives it strong antioxidant properties. It is one phytonutrient, anethole, that has been used in studies and proven to reduce inflammation and help reduce the risk of cancer. Fennel has been used to treat various digestive symptoms, including heartburn, gas and bloating.